The heart is the most important organ in the human body. If the heart is unhealthy, the individual will also be unhealthy. A patient plagued by heart disease will require considerable care. If you have any sort of heart issue, it is imperative you meet with your doctor on a regular basis to obtain the proper treatment.
The Basics of Heart Disease Care
Treatment for heart disease is the same for men and women. Treatment options range from medicine to lifestyle alterations, cardiac rehabilitation and surgical procedures. The aim of treatment is to prevent complications, relieve symptoms, widen plaque-clogged coronary arteries, reduce the risk of blood clot formation and decrease risk factors. If we can successfully reduce such risk factors, the accumulation of plaque will slow down, stop or even reverse.
An angioplasty procedure can be performed to open up blocked arteries within the heart. This procedure requires minimal cutting. Stents are put in place during the procedure to enhance heart and artery functionality. Heart bypass surgery is another option that treats heart disease when a condition blocks the patient’s coronary arteries. It provides a new pathway for blood to reach the heart.
Valve disease treatment keys in on heart valve disease that we can perform as a traditional surgery or as a balloon valvuloplasty that requires minimal cutting. Many of those who suffer from heart disease find drugs do not turn arrhythmia into a regular heart rhythm. These individuals might require a surgical procedure known as a cardioversion.
We commonly implement pacemakers in those who suffer from heart disease. A pacemaker is a diminutive device that transmits electrical impulses to the heart to maintain an acceptable heart rhythm and rate. It can also treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure and fainting spells. The implementation of a left ventricular assist device functions as a mechanical heart of sorts. The surgeon places it within the chest to promote the pumping of oxygen-rich blood across the entirety of the body.
We may also use an implantable cardioverter defibrillator to treat irregular heart rhythms. A lead extraction involves the removal of one or several leads from within the heart. However, we cannot remove the leads outside of the heart during open heart surgery with a lead extraction. Finally, there is the option of a heart transplant, when we replace an individual’s diseased heart with the heart of a healthy donor.
Meet with your doctor to discuss your heart disease and he might suggest a medication such as an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. This heart medication dilates blood vessels to increase the amount of blood the heart pumps. It also reduces blood pressure. Angiotensin II receptor blockers reduce chemicals that cause the narrowing of blood vessels.
This permits improved blood flow across the entirety of the body. Antiarrhythmic treatment helps address irregular heart rhythms caused by abnormal electrical activity in the heart. Antiplatelet drugs halt the creation of blood clots. Some doctors even recommend aspirin therapy. Aspirin has proved effective for pain relief for more than a century. It has been used to manage and even prevent heart disease since the 70s.
We treat hypertension with lifestyle modifications, ACE inhibitor drugs and in some instances, surgery. Consult with your doctor to determine the best course of action. Renal artery angioplasty combined with stenting surpasses the aortorenal bypass procedure. In some cases, we can cure hypertension with a tumor resection. Angioplasty has about a 70 percent success rate for improving or curing hypertension. It is also possible for patients to be treated with spironolactone rather than a surgical procedure.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can lead to heart attacks, stroke, kidney disease and even heart failure. The aim of treating it is to reduce the pressure and safeguard organs. Lifestyle modifications like a healthy diet, exercising and quitting smoking often prove effective. Medications can also lower blood pressure.
High Cholesterol Treatment
Statins are commonly used to lower cholesterol levels. This occurs with a slowing of the production of cholesterol along with enhancing the liver’s ability to eliminate LDL cholesterol within the blood. Numerous statin drugs like Lipitor, Lescol and Alticor are available. Fibrates like Tricor and lopid are drugs that lower cholesterol by decreasing triglycerides.
In many instances, minimal therapy beyond smoking cessation is necessary to treat mild forms of pulmonary disease. Medications like inhaled steroids, bronchodilators, oral steroids and combination inhalers are also available to treat complications and symptoms. Your doctor might prescribe a lung therapy to treat your moderate or severe pulmonary disease. Surgery is available for those with severe emphysema that does not respond to medications. Effective surgeries include bullectomy, lung volume reduction surgery and a lung transplant.
If you would like to learn more about heart disease care and the various treatments we provide, call (318) 322-0100 to schedule a consultation.